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SRP6KeyAgreement.java

package gnu.crypto.key.srp6;

// ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// $Id: SRP6KeyAgreement.java,v 1.2 2003/12/25 02:15:10 uid66198 Exp $
//
// Copyright (C) 2003 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
//
// This file is part of GNU Crypto.
//
// GNU Crypto is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
// it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
// the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
// any later version.
//
// GNU Crypto is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
// WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
// MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
// General Public License for more details.
//
// You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
// along with this program; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to the
//
//    Free Software Foundation Inc.,
//    59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
//    Boston, MA 02111-1307
//    USA
//
// Linking this library statically or dynamically with other modules is
// making a combined work based on this library.  Thus, the terms and
// conditions of the GNU General Public License cover the whole
// combination.
//
// As a special exception, the copyright holders of this library give
// you permission to link this library with independent modules to
// produce an executable, regardless of the license terms of these
// independent modules, and to copy and distribute the resulting
// executable under terms of your choice, provided that you also meet,
// for each linked independent module, the terms and conditions of the
// license of that module.  An independent module is a module which is
// not derived from or based on this library.  If you modify this
// library, you may extend this exception to your version of the
// library, but you are not obligated to do so.  If you do not wish to
// do so, delete this exception statement from your version.
// ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

import gnu.crypto.Registry;
import gnu.crypto.hash.IMessageDigest;
import gnu.crypto.key.BaseKeyAgreementParty;
import gnu.crypto.key.KeyAgreementException;
import gnu.crypto.sasl.srp.SRP;
import gnu.crypto.util.Util;

import java.math.BigInteger;

/**
 * <p>The Secure Remote Password (SRP) key agreement protocol, also known as
 * SRP-6, is designed by Thomas J. Wu (see references). The protocol, and its
 * elements are described as follows:</p>
 *
 * <pre>
 * N    A large safe prime (N = 2q+1, where q is prime)
 *      All arithmetic is done modulo N.
 * g    A generator modulo N
 * s    User's salt
 * I    Username
 * p    Cleartext Password
 * H()  One-way hash function
 * ^    (Modular) Exponentiation
 * u    Random scrambling parameter
 * a,b  Secret ephemeral values
 * A,B  Public ephemeral values
 * x    Private key (derived from p and s)
 * v    Password verifier
 *
 * The host stores passwords using the following formula:
 * x = H(s | H(I ":" p))           (s is chosen randomly)
 * v = g^x                   (computes password verifier)
 *
 * The host then keeps {I, s, v} in its password database.
 *
 * The authentication protocol itself goes as follows:
 * User -> Host:  I, A = g^a         (identifies self, a = random number)
 * Host -> User:  s, B = 3v + g^b    (sends salt, b = random number)
 *
 * Both:  u = H(A, B)
 *
 * User:  x = H(s, p)                (user enters password)
 * User:  S = (B - 3g^x) ^ (a + ux)  (computes session key)
 * User:  K = H(S)
 *
 * Host:  S = (Av^u) ^ b             (computes session key)
 * Host:  K = H(S)
 * </pre>
 *
 * <p>Reference:</p>
 * <ol>
 *    <li><a href="http://srp.stanford.edu/design.html">SRP Protocol Design</a><br>
 *    Thomas J. Wu.</li>
 * </ol>
 *
 * @version $Revision: 1.2 $
 */
00103 public abstract class SRP6KeyAgreement extends BaseKeyAgreementParty {

   // Constants and variables
   // -------------------------------------------------------------------------

   public static final String SOURCE_OF_RANDOMNESS = "gnu.crypto.srp6.ka.prng";
   public static final String SHARED_MODULUS =       "gnu.crypto.srp6.ka.N";
   public static final String GENERATOR =            "gnu.crypto.srp6.ka.g";
   public static final String HASH_FUNCTION =        "gnu.crypto.srp6.ka.H";
   public static final String USER_IDENTITY =        "gnu.crypto.srp6.ka.I";
   public static final String USER_PASSWORD =        "gnu.crypto.srp6.ka.p";
   public static final String HOST_PASSWORD_DB =     "gnu.crypto.srp6.ka.password.db";

   protected static final BigInteger THREE = BigInteger.valueOf(3L);

   protected SRP srp;
   protected BigInteger N;
   protected BigInteger g;

   /** The shared secret key. */
00123    protected BigInteger K;

   // Constructor(s)
   // -------------------------------------------------------------------------

   protected SRP6KeyAgreement() {
      super(Registry.SRP6_KA);
   }

   // Class methods
   // -------------------------------------------------------------------------

   // Instance methods
   // -------------------------------------------------------------------------

   // implementation of common abstract methods in BaseKeyAGreementParty ------

   protected byte[] engineSharedSecret() throws KeyAgreementException {
      return Util.trim(K);
   }

   protected void engineReset() {
//      mda = null;
      srp = null;
      N = null;
      g = null;
      K = null;
   }

   // helper methods ----------------------------------------------------------

   protected BigInteger uValue(final BigInteger A, final BigInteger B) {
//      IMessageDigest hash = (IMessageDigest) mda.clone();
      final IMessageDigest hash = srp.newDigest();
      byte[] b;
      b = Util.trim(A);
      hash.update(b, 0, b.length);
      b = Util.trim(B);
      hash.update(b, 0, b.length);

      return new BigInteger(1, hash.digest());
   }
}

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