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SRPPrivateKey.java

package gnu.crypto.key.srp6;

// ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// $Id: SRPPrivateKey.java,v 1.1 2003/09/26 23:50:48 raif Exp $
//
// Copyright (C) 2003 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
//
// This file is part of GNU Crypto.
//
// GNU Crypto is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
// it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
// the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
// any later version.
//
// GNU Crypto is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
// WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
// MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
// General Public License for more details.
//
// You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
// along with this program; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to the
//
//    Free Software Foundation Inc.,
//    59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
//    Boston, MA 02111-1307
//    USA
//
// Linking this library statically or dynamically with other modules is
// making a combined work based on this library.  Thus, the terms and
// conditions of the GNU General Public License cover the whole
// combination.
//
// As a special exception, the copyright holders of this library give
// you permission to link this library with independent modules to
// produce an executable, regardless of the license terms of these
// independent modules, and to copy and distribute the resulting
// executable under terms of your choice, provided that you also meet,
// for each linked independent module, the terms and conditions of the
// license of that module.  An independent module is a module which is
// not derived from or based on this library.  If you modify this
// library, you may extend this exception to your version of the
// library, but you are not obligated to do so.  If you do not wish to
// do so, delete this exception statement from your version.
// ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

import gnu.crypto.Registry;
import gnu.crypto.key.IKeyPairCodec;

import java.math.BigInteger;
import java.security.PrivateKey;

/**
 * <p>A representation of an SRP ephemeral private key.</p>
 *
 * <p>Reference:</p>
 * <ol>
 *    <li><a href="http://srp.stanford.edu/design.html">SRP Protocol Design</a><br>
 *    Thomas J. Wu.</li>
 * </ol>
 *
 * @version $Revision: 1.1 $
 */
00063 public class SRPPrivateKey extends SRPKey implements PrivateKey {

      // Constants and variables
      // -------------------------------------------------------------------------

      /**
       * The private exponent for either the server or the client engaged in the
       * SRP protocol exchange.
       */
00072       private final BigInteger X;

      /**
       * The user's verifier (v) --for the server-- also computed at the client
    * side as g.modPow(x, N), where x is the hashed output of the user name and
    * password .
       */
00079       private final BigInteger v;

      // Constructor(s)
      // -------------------------------------------------------------------------

   /**
    * <p>Public constructor for use from outside this package.</p>
    *
    * @param N the public shared modulus.
    * @param g the generator.
    * @param x the private exponent of the ephemeral key.
    */
00091       public SRPPrivateKey(BigInteger N, BigInteger g, BigInteger x) {
            this(N, g, x, null);
      }

   /**
    * <p>Public constructor for use from outside this package.</p>
    *
    * @param N the public shared modulus.
    * @param g the generator.
    * @param x the private exponent of the ephemeral key.
    * @param v the user's verifier value (for the server side only).
    */
00103       public SRPPrivateKey(BigInteger N, BigInteger g, BigInteger x, BigInteger v) {
            super(N, g);

      SRPAlgorithm.checkParams(N, g);
            this.X = x;
            this.v = v;
      }

   /**
    * <p>Default constructor. Assumes N and g are already validated.</p>
    *
    * @param params an array of either 3 or 4 values representing N, g, and
    * either v and X for the server, or just X for the client. Those values
    * represent the following:
    * <ol>
    *    <li>v (server side): the user's verifier.</li>
    *    <li>X (both sides): the server's or client's ephemeral private exponent.</li>
    * </ol>
    */
00122    SRPPrivateKey(BigInteger[] params) {
      super(params[0], params[1]);

      if (params.length == 3) {
         X = params[2];
         v = null;
      } else if (params.length == 4) {
         X = params[2];
         v = params[3];
      } else {
         throw new IllegalArgumentException("invalid number of SRP parameters");
      }
   }

      // Class methods
      // -------------------------------------------------------------------------

   /**
    * <p>A class method that takes the output of the <code>encodePrivateKey()</code>
    * method of an SRP keypair codec object (an instance implementing
    * {@link IKeyPairCodec} for DSS keys, and re-constructs an instance of this
    * object.</p>
    *
    * @param k the contents of a previously encoded instance of this object.
    * @throws ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException if there is not enough bytes, in
    * <code>k</code>, to represent a valid encoding of an instance of this object.
    * @throws IllegalArgumentException if the byte sequence does not represent a
    * valid encoding of an instance of this object.
    */
00151    public static SRPPrivateKey valueOf(byte[] k) {
      // check magic...
      // we should parse here enough bytes to know which codec to use, and
      // direct the byte array to the appropriate codec.  since we only have one
      // codec, we could have immediately tried it; nevertheless since testing
      // one byte is cheaper than instatiating a codec that will fail we test
      // the first byte before we carry on.
      if (k[0] == Registry.MAGIC_RAW_SRP_PRIVATE_KEY[0]) {
         // it's likely to be in raw format. get a raw codec and hand it over
         IKeyPairCodec codec = new SRPKeyPairRawCodec();
         return (SRPPrivateKey) codec.decodePrivateKey(k);
      } else {
         throw new IllegalArgumentException("magic");
      }
   }

      // Instance methods
      // -------------------------------------------------------------------------

      /**
       * <p>Returns the private exponent of the key as a {@link BigInteger}.</p>
       *
       * @return the private exponent of the key as a {@link BigInteger}.
       */
00175    public BigInteger getX() {
            return X;
      }

      /**
       * <p>Returns the user's verifier as a {@link BigInteger}.</p>
       *
       * @return the user's verifier as a {@link BigInteger} if this is an SRP
    * private key of a Host, or <code>null</code> if this is a private SRP key
    * for a User.
       */
00186    public BigInteger getV() {
            return v;
      }

   // Other instance methods --------------------------------------------------

   /**
    * <p>Returns the encoded form of this private key according to the
    * designated format.</p>
    *
    * @param format the desired format identifier of the resulting encoding.
    * @return the byte sequence encoding this key according to the designated
    * format.
    * @throws IllegalArgumentException if the format is not supported.
    */
00201    public byte[] getEncoded(int format) {
      byte[] result;
      switch (format) {
      case IKeyPairCodec.RAW_FORMAT:
         result = new SRPKeyPairRawCodec().encodePrivateKey(this);
         break;
      default:
         throw new IllegalArgumentException("format");
      }
      return result;
   }

   /**
    * <p>Returns <code>true</code> if the designated object is an instance of
    * <code>SRPPrivateKey</code> and has the same SRP parameter values as this
    * one.</p>
    *
    * @param obj the other non-null SRP key to compare to.
    * @return <code>true</code> if the designated object is of the same type and
    * value as this one.
    */
00222    public boolean equals(Object obj) {
      if (obj == null) {
         return false;
      }
      if (!(obj instanceof SRPPrivateKey)) {
         return false;
      }
      SRPPrivateKey that = (SRPPrivateKey) obj;
      boolean result = super.equals(that) && X.equals(that.getX());
      if (v != null) {
         result = result && v.equals(that.getV());
      }
      return result;
   }
}

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