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RSAPKCS1V1_5Signature.java

package gnu.crypto.sig.rsa;

// ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// $Id: RSAPKCS1V1_5Signature.java,v 1.2 2003/10/28 19:07:07 raif Exp $
//
// Copyright (C) 2003 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
//
// This file is part of GNU Crypto.
//
// GNU Crypto is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
// it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
// the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
// any later version.
//
// GNU Crypto is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
// WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
// MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
// General Public License for more details.
//
// You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
// along with this program; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to the
//
//    Free Software Foundation Inc.,
//    59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
//    Boston, MA 02111-1307
//    USA
//
// Linking this library statically or dynamically with other modules is
// making a combined work based on this library.  Thus, the terms and
// conditions of the GNU General Public License cover the whole
// combination.
//
// As a special exception, the copyright holders of this library give
// you permission to link this library with independent modules to
// produce an executable, regardless of the license terms of these
// independent modules, and to copy and distribute the resulting
// executable under terms of your choice, provided that you also meet,
// for each linked independent module, the terms and conditions of the
// license of that module.  An independent module is a module which is
// not derived from or based on this library.  If you modify this
// library, you may extend this exception to your version of the
// library, but you are not obligated to do so.  If you do not wish to
// do so, delete this exception statement from your version.
// ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

import gnu.crypto.Registry;
import gnu.crypto.hash.HashFactory;
import gnu.crypto.hash.IMessageDigest;
import gnu.crypto.sig.BaseSignature;

import java.math.BigInteger;
import java.security.PrivateKey;
import java.security.PublicKey;
import java.security.interfaces.RSAPrivateKey;
import java.security.interfaces.RSAPublicKey;
import java.util.Arrays;

/**
 * <p>The RSA-PKCS1-V1.5 signature scheme is a digital signature scheme with
 * appendix (SSA) combining the RSA algorithm with the EMSA-PKCS1-v1_5 encoding
 * method.</p>
 *
 * <p>References:</p>
 * <ol>
 *    <li><a href="http://www.cosic.esat.kuleuven.ac.be/nessie/workshop/submissions/rsa-pss.zip">
 *    RSA-PSS Signature Scheme with Appendix, part B.</a><br>
 *    Primitive specification and supporting documentation.<br>
 *    Jakob Jonsson and Burt Kaliski.</li>
 *
 *    <li><a href="http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3447.txt">Public-Key Cryptography
 *    Standards (PKCS) #1:</a><br>
 *    RSA Cryptography Specifications Version 2.1.<br>
 *    Jakob Jonsson and Burt Kaliski.</li>
 * </ol>
 *
 * @version $Revision: 1.2 $
 */
00078 public class RSAPKCS1V1_5Signature extends BaseSignature {

   // Constants and variables
   // -------------------------------------------------------------------------

   /** The underlying EMSA-PKCS1-v1.5 instance for this object. */
00084    private EMSA_PKCS1_V1_5 pkcs1;

   // Constructor(s)
   // -------------------------------------------------------------------------

   /**
    * Default 0-arguments constructor. Uses SHA-1 as the default hash.
    */
00092    public RSAPKCS1V1_5Signature() {
      this(Registry.SHA160_HASH);
   }

   /**
    * <p>Constructs an instance of this object using the designated message
    * digest algorithm as its underlying hash function.</p>
    *
    * @param mdName the canonical name of the underlying hash function.
    */
00102    public RSAPKCS1V1_5Signature(final String mdName) {
      super(Registry.RSA_PKCS1_V1_5_SIG, HashFactory.getInstance(mdName));

      pkcs1 = EMSA_PKCS1_V1_5.getInstance(mdName);
   }

   /** Private constructor for cloning purposes. */
00109    private RSAPKCS1V1_5Signature(final RSAPKCS1V1_5Signature that) {
      this(that.md.name());

      this.publicKey = that.publicKey;
      this.privateKey = that.privateKey;
      this.md = (IMessageDigest) that.md.clone();
      this.pkcs1 = (EMSA_PKCS1_V1_5) that.pkcs1.clone();
   }

   // Class methods
   // -------------------------------------------------------------------------

   // Instance methods
   // -------------------------------------------------------------------------

   // Implementation of abstract methods in superclass ------------------------

00126    public Object clone() {
      return new RSAPKCS1V1_5Signature(this);
   }
   protected void setupForVerification(final PublicKey k)
   throws IllegalArgumentException {
      if (!(k instanceof RSAPublicKey)) {
         throw new IllegalArgumentException();
      }
      publicKey = k;
   }

   protected void setupForSigning(final PrivateKey k)
   throws IllegalArgumentException {
      if (!(k instanceof RSAPrivateKey)) {
         throw new IllegalArgumentException();
      }
      privateKey = k;
   }

   protected Object generateSignature() throws IllegalStateException {
      // 1. EMSA-PKCS1-v1_5 encoding: Apply the EMSA-PKCS1-v1_5 encoding
      //    operation (Section 9.2) to the message M to produce an encoded
      //    message EM of length k octets:
      //
      //    EM = EMSA-PKCS1-V1_5-ENCODE (M, k).
      //
      //    If the encoding operation outputs "message too long," output
      //    "message too long" and stop.  If the encoding operation outputs
      //    "intended encoded message length too short," output "RSA modulus
      //    too short" and stop.
      final int modBits = ((RSAPrivateKey) privateKey).getModulus().bitLength();
      final int k = (modBits + 7) / 8;
      final byte[] EM = pkcs1.encode(md.digest(), k);

      // 2. RSA signature:
      //    a. Convert the encoded message EM to an integer message epresentative
      //       m (see Section 4.2):  m = OS2IP (EM).
      final BigInteger m = new BigInteger(1, EM);
      //    b. Apply the RSASP1 signature primitive (Section 5.2.1) to the RSA
      //       private key K and the message representative m to produce an
      //       integer signature representative s:  s = RSASP1 (K, m).
      final BigInteger s = RSA.sign(privateKey, m);
      //    c. Convert the signature representative s to a signature S of length
      //       k octets (see Section 4.1):  S = I2OSP (s, k).
      // 3. Output the signature S.
      return RSA.I2OSP(s, k);
   }

   protected boolean verifySignature(final Object sig) throws IllegalStateException {
      if (publicKey == null) {
         throw new IllegalStateException();
      }
      final byte[] S = (byte[]) sig;
      // 1. Length checking: If the length of the signature S is not k octets,
      //    output "invalid signature" and stop.
      final int modBits = ((RSAPublicKey) publicKey).getModulus().bitLength();
      final int k = (modBits + 7) / 8;
      if (S.length != k) {
         return false;
      }
      // 2. RSA verification:
      //    a. Convert the signature S to an integer signature representative
      //       s (see Section 4.2): s = OS2IP (S).
      final BigInteger s = new BigInteger(1, S);
      //    b. Apply the RSAVP1 verification primitive (Section 5.2.2) to the
      //       RSA public key (n, e) and the signature representative s to
      //       produce an integer message representative m:
      //          m = RSAVP1 ((n, e), s).
      //       If RSAVP1 outputs "signature representative out of range,"
      //       output "invalid signature" and stop.
      final BigInteger m;
      try {
         m = RSA.verify(publicKey, s);
      } catch (IllegalArgumentException x) {
         return false;
      }
      //    c. Convert the message representative m to an encoded message EM
      //       of length k octets (see Section 4.1): EM = I2OSP (m, k).
      //       If I2OSP outputs "integer too large," output "invalid signature"
      //       and stop.
      final byte[] EM;
      try {
         EM = RSA.I2OSP(m, k);
      } catch (IllegalArgumentException x) {
         return false;
      }
      // 3. EMSA-PKCS1-v1_5 encoding: Apply the EMSA-PKCS1-v1_5 encoding
      //    operation (Section 9.2) to the message M to produce a second
      //    encoded message EM' of length k octets:
      //       EM' = EMSA-PKCS1-V1_5-ENCODE (M, k).
      //    If the encoding operation outputs "message too long," output
      //    "message too long" and stop.  If the encoding operation outputs
      //    "intended encoded message length too short," output "RSA modulus
      //    too short" and stop.
      final byte[] EMp = pkcs1.encode(md.digest(), k);
      // 4. Compare the encoded message EM and the second encoded message EM'.
      //    If they are the same, output "valid signature"; otherwise, output
      //    "invalid signature."
      return Arrays.equals(EM, EMp);
   }
}

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