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TBC.java

package gnu.crypto.pad;

// ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// $Id: TBC.java,v 1.4 2002/11/07 17:17:45 raif Exp $
//
// Copyright (C) 2001, 2002, Free Software Foundation, Inc.
//
// This file is part of GNU Crypto.
//
// GNU Crypto is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
// it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
// the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
// any later version.
//
// GNU Crypto is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
// WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
// MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
// General Public License for more details.
//
// You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
// along with this program; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to the
//
//    Free Software Foundation Inc.,
//    59 Temple Place - Suite 330,
//    Boston, MA 02111-1307
//    USA
//
// Linking this library statically or dynamically with other modules is
// making a combined work based on this library.  Thus, the terms and
// conditions of the GNU General Public License cover the whole
// combination.
//
// As a special exception, the copyright holders of this library give
// you permission to link this library with independent modules to
// produce an executable, regardless of the license terms of these
// independent modules, and to copy and distribute the resulting
// executable under terms of your choice, provided that you also meet,
// for each linked independent module, the terms and conditions of the
// license of that module.  An independent module is a module which is
// not derived from or based on this library.  If you modify this
// library, you may extend this exception to your version of the
// library, but you are not obligated to do so.  If you do not wish to
// do so, delete this exception statement from your version.
// ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

import gnu.crypto.Registry;
import gnu.crypto.util.Util;

import java.io.PrintWriter;

/**
 * <p>The implementation of the Trailing Bit Complement (TBC) padding algorithm.</p>
 *
 * <p>In this mode, "...the data string is padded at the trailing end with the
 * complement of the trailing bit of the unpadded message: if the trailing bit
 * is <tt>1</tt>, then <tt>0</tt> bits are appended, and if the trailing bit is
 * <tt>0</tt>, then <tt>1</tt> bits are appended. As few bits are added as are
 * necessary to meet the formatting size requirement."</p>
 *
 * References:<br>
 * <a href="http://csrc.nist.gov/encryption/modes/Recommendation/Modes01.pdf">
 * Recommendation for Block Cipher Modes of Operation Methods and Techniques</a>,
 * Morris Dworkin.<p>
 *
 * @version $Revision: 1.4 $
 */
00067 public final class TBC extends BasePad {

   // Debugging methods and variables
   // -------------------------------------------------------------------------

   private static final String NAME = "tbc";
   private static final boolean DEBUG = false;
   private static final int debuglevel = 9;
   private static final PrintWriter err = new PrintWriter(System.out, true);
   private static void debug(String s) {
      err.println(">>> "+NAME+": "+s);
   }

   // Constants and variables
   // -------------------------------------------------------------------------

   // Constructor(s)
   // -------------------------------------------------------------------------

   /**
    * Trivial package-private constructor for use by the <i>Factory</i> class.<p>
    *
    * @see gnu.crypto.pad.PadFactory
    */
00091    TBC() {
      super(Registry.TBC_PAD);
   }

   // Class methods
   // -------------------------------------------------------------------------

   // Implementation of abstract methods in BasePad
   // -------------------------------------------------------------------------

00101    public void setup() {
      if (blockSize < 1 || blockSize > 256) {
         throw new IllegalArgumentException();
      }
   }

00107    public byte[] pad(byte[] in, int offset, int length) {
      int padLength = blockSize;
      if (length % blockSize != 0) {
         padLength = blockSize - length % blockSize;
      }
      byte[] result = new byte[padLength];
      int lastBit = in[offset+length-1] & 0x01;
      if (lastBit == 0) {
         for (int i = 0; i < padLength; ) {
            result[i++] = 0x01;
         }
      } // else it's already set to zeroes by virtue of initialisation

      if (DEBUG && debuglevel > 8) {
         debug("padding: 0x"+Util.toString(result));
      }
      return result;
   }

00126    public int unpad(byte[] in, int offset, int length)
   throws WrongPaddingException {
      int limit = offset + length - 1;
      int lastBit = in[limit] & 0xFF;
      int result = 0;
      while (lastBit == (in[limit] & 0xFF)) {
         result++;
         limit--;
      }

      if (result > length) {
         throw new WrongPaddingException();
      }

      if (DEBUG && debuglevel > 8) {
         debug("padding length: "+String.valueOf(result));
      }
      return result;
   }
}

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