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Base64InputStream.java

/* Base64InputStream.java -- base-64 input stream.
   Copyright (C) 2003 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

This file is part of GNU PKI, a PKI library.

GNU PKI is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it
under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the
Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option) any
later version.

GNU PKI is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or
FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU General Public License
for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with GNU PKI; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to the Free
Software Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston, MA
02110-1301 USA.

Linking this library statically or dynamically with other modules is
making a combined work based on this library.  Thus, the terms and
conditions of the GNU General Public License cover the whole
combination.

As a special exception, the copyright holders of this library give you
permission to link this library with independent modules to produce an
executable, regardless of the license terms of these independent
modules, and to copy and distribute the resulting executable under
terms of your choice, provided that you also meet, for each linked
independent module, the terms and conditions of the license of that
module.  An independent module is a module which is not derived from
or based on this library.  If you modify this library, you may extend
this exception to your version of the library, but you are not
obligated to do so.  If you do not wish to do so, delete this
exception statement from your version. */


package gnu.crypto.pki.io;

import java.io.FilterInputStream;
import java.io.InputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.EOFException;

/**
 * A filter input stream that decodes data encoded in the Base-64
 * encoding scheme.
 *
 * @author Casey Marshall (rsdio@metastatic.org)
 */
00052 public class Base64InputStream extends FilterInputStream
{

  // Constants and fields.
  // ------------------------------------------------------------------------

  /** Base-64 digits. */
00059   private static final String BASE_64 =
    "ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz0123456789+/";

  /** Base-64 padding character. */
00063   private static final char BASE_64_PAD = '=';

  /** Decoding state. */
00066   private int state;

  /** Intermediate decoded value. */
00069   private int temp;

  /** EOF flag. */
00072   private boolean eof;

  private final byte[] one = new byte[1];

  // Constructors.
  // ------------------------------------------------------------------------

  /**
   * Create a new Base-64 input stream. The input bytes must be the
   * ASCII characters A-Z, a-z, 0-9, + and /, with optional whitespace,
   * and will be decoded into a byte stream.
   *
   * @param in The source of Base-64 input.
   */
00086   public Base64InputStream(InputStream in)
  {
    super(in);
    state = 0;
    temp = 0;
    eof = false;
  }

  // Instance methods.
  // ------------------------------------------------------------------------

  public int available()
  {
    if (eof)
      return 0;
    return 1;
  }

  public int read() throws IOException
  {
    if (read(one) == 1)
      return one[0] & 0xFF;
    return -1;
  }

  public int read(byte[] buf, int off, int len) throws IOException
  {
    if (eof)
      return -1;
    int count = 0;
    while (count < len)
      {
        int i;
        while (Character.isWhitespace((char) (i = in.read())));
        int pos = BASE_64.indexOf((char) i);
        if (pos >= 0)
          {
            switch (state)
              {
                case 0:
                  temp = pos << 2;
                  state = 1;
                  break;
                case 1:
                  buf[count++] = (byte) (temp | (pos >>> 4));
                  temp = (pos & 0x0F) << 4;
                  state = 2;
                  break;
                case 2:
                  buf[count++] = (byte) (temp | (pos >>> 2));
                  temp = (pos & 0x03) << 6;
                  state = 3;
                  break;
                case 3:
                  buf[count++] = (byte) (temp | pos);
                  state = 0;
                  break;
              }
          }
        else if (i == BASE_64_PAD)
          {
            switch (state)
              {
                case 0:
                case 1:
                  throw new IOException("malformed Base-64 input");
                case 2:
                  while (Character.isWhitespace((char) (i = in.read())));
                  if (i != BASE_64_PAD)
                    throw new IOException("malformed Base-64 input");
                case 3:
                  while (Character.isWhitespace((char) (i = in.read())));
              }
            eof = true;
            break;
          }
        else  // First non-Base-64 character, consider it end-of-stream.
          {
            if (state != 0)
              throw new IOException("malformed Base-64 input");
            eof = true;
            break;
          }
      }
      return count;
  }

  public boolean markSupported()
  {
    return false;
  }

  public void mark(int markLimit) { }

  public void reset() throws IOException
  {
    throw new IOException("reset not supported");
  }

  public long skip(long n) throws IOException
  {
    long skipped;
    for (skipped = 0; skipped < n; skipped++)
      if (read() == -1)
        break;
    return skipped;
  }
}

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