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DiffieHellmanSender.java

package gnu.crypto.key.dh;

// ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// $Id: DiffieHellmanSender.java,v 1.3 2005/10/06 04:24:16 rsdio Exp $
//
// Copyright (C) 2003 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
//
// This file is part of GNU Crypto.
//
// GNU Crypto is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
// it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
// the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
// any later version.
//
// GNU Crypto is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
// WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
// MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
// General Public License for more details.
//
// You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
// along with this program; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to the
//
//    Free Software Foundation Inc.,
//    51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor,
//    Boston, MA 02110-1301
//    USA
//
// Linking this library statically or dynamically with other modules is
// making a combined work based on this library.  Thus, the terms and
// conditions of the GNU General Public License cover the whole
// combination.
//
// As a special exception, the copyright holders of this library give
// you permission to link this library with independent modules to
// produce an executable, regardless of the license terms of these
// independent modules, and to copy and distribute the resulting
// executable under terms of your choice, provided that you also meet,
// for each linked independent module, the terms and conditions of the
// license of that module.  An independent module is a module which is
// not derived from or based on this library.  If you modify this
// library, you may extend this exception to your version of the
// library, but you are not obligated to do so.  If you do not wish to
// do so, delete this exception statement from your version.
// ----------------------------------------------------------------------------

import gnu.crypto.key.KeyAgreementException;
import gnu.crypto.key.IncomingMessage;
import gnu.crypto.key.OutgoingMessage;
import gnu.crypto.prng.IRandom;

import java.math.BigInteger;
import java.security.SecureRandom;
import java.util.Map;

import javax.crypto.interfaces.DHPrivateKey;

/**
 * <p>This implementation is the sender's part of the basic version of the
 * Diffie-Hellman key agreement exchange (A in [HAC]).</p>
 *
 * @see DiffieHellmanKeyAgreement
 * @version $Revision: 1.3 $
 */
00064 public class DiffieHellmanSender extends DiffieHellmanKeyAgreement {

   // Constants and variables
   // -------------------------------------------------------------------------

   private BigInteger x; // the sender's random secret

   // Constructor(s)
   // -------------------------------------------------------------------------

   // default 0-arguments constructor

   // Class methods
   // -------------------------------------------------------------------------

   // Instance methods
   // -------------------------------------------------------------------------

   // implementation of abstract methods in base class ------------------------

   protected void engineInit(Map attributes) throws KeyAgreementException {
      Object random = attributes.get(SOURCE_OF_RANDOMNESS);
      rnd = null;
      irnd = null;
      if (random instanceof SecureRandom) {
         rnd = (SecureRandom) random;
      } else if (random instanceof IRandom) {
         irnd = (IRandom) random;
      }
      ownerKey = (DHPrivateKey) attributes.get(KA_DIFFIE_HELLMAN_OWNER_PRIVATE_KEY);
      if (ownerKey == null) {
         throw new KeyAgreementException("missing owner's private key");
      }
   }

   protected OutgoingMessage engineProcessMessage(IncomingMessage in)
   throws KeyAgreementException {
      switch (step) {
      case 0:  return sendRandomSecret(in);
      case 1:  return computeSharedSecret(in);
      default: throw new IllegalStateException("unexpected state");
      }
   }

   // own methods -------------------------------------------------------------

   private OutgoingMessage sendRandomSecret(IncomingMessage in)
   throws KeyAgreementException {
      BigInteger p = ownerKey.getParams().getP();
      BigInteger g = ownerKey.getParams().getG();

      // A chooses a random integer x, 1 <= x <= p-2
      // rfc-2631 restricts x to only be in [2, p-1]
      BigInteger p_minus_2 = p.subtract(TWO);
      byte[] xBytes = new byte[(p_minus_2.bitLength() + 7) / 8];
      do {
         nextRandomBytes(xBytes);
         x = new BigInteger(1, xBytes);
      } while (!(x.compareTo(TWO) >= 0 && x.compareTo(p_minus_2) <= 0));

      // A sends B the message: g^x mod p
      OutgoingMessage result = new OutgoingMessage();
      result.writeMPI(g.modPow(x, p));

      return result;
   }

   private OutgoingMessage computeSharedSecret(IncomingMessage in)
   throws KeyAgreementException {
      BigInteger m1 = in.readMPI();
      if (m1 == null) {
         throw new KeyAgreementException("missing message (2)");
      }

      BigInteger p = ownerKey.getParams().getP();
      ZZ = m1.modPow(x, p); // ZZ = (yb ^ xa)  mod p

      complete = true;
      return null;
   }
}

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