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PasswordAuthenticatedEntry.java

package gnu.crypto.keyring;  // -*- c-basic-offset: 3 -*-

// ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
// $Id: PasswordAuthenticatedEntry.java,v 1.10 2005/10/06 04:24:16 rsdio Exp $
//
// Copyright (C) 2003 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
//
// This file is part of GNU Crypto.
//
// GNU Crypto is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
// it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
// the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
// any later version.
//
// GNU Crypto is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
// WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
// MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
// General Public License for more details.
//
// You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
// along with this program; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to the
//
//    Free Software Foundation Inc.,
//    51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor,
//    Boston, MA 02110-1301
//    USA
//
// Linking this library statically or dynamically with other modules is
// making a combined work based on this library.  Thus, the terms and
// conditions of the GNU General Public License cover the whole
// combination.
//
// As a special exception, the copyright holders of this library give
// you permission to link this library with independent modules to
// produce an executable, regardless of the license terms of these
// independent modules, and to copy and distribute the resulting
// executable under terms of your choice, provided that you also meet,
// for each linked independent module, the terms and conditions of the
// license of that module.  An independent module is a module which is
// not derived from or based on this library.  If you modify this
// library, you may extend this exception to your version of the
// library, but you are not obligated to do so.  If you do not wish to
// do so, delete this exception statement from your version.
//
// ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

import gnu.crypto.Registry;
import gnu.crypto.mac.IMac;
import gnu.crypto.mac.MacFactory;
import gnu.crypto.mac.MacInputStream;
import gnu.crypto.mac.MacOutputStream;
import gnu.crypto.prng.IPBE;
import gnu.crypto.prng.IRandom;
import gnu.crypto.prng.LimitReachedException;
import gnu.crypto.prng.PRNGFactory;
import gnu.crypto.util.PRNG;
import gnu.crypto.util.Util;

import java.io.ByteArrayInputStream;
import java.io.ByteArrayOutputStream;
import java.io.DataInputStream;
import java.io.DataOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.security.InvalidKeyException;
import java.util.Arrays;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.HashMap;

/**
 * <p>An entry authenticated with a password-based MAC.</p>
 *
 * @version $Revision: 1.10 $
 */
00074 public final class PasswordAuthenticatedEntry extends MaskableEnvelopeEntry
implements PasswordProtectedEntry, Registry {

   // Constants and variables
   // -------------------------------------------------------------------------

   public static final int TYPE = 3;

   // Constructor(s)
   // -------------------------------------------------------------------------

   public PasswordAuthenticatedEntry(String mac, int maclen, Properties properties) {
      super(TYPE, properties);

      if (mac == null || mac.length() == 0) {
         throw new IllegalArgumentException("no MAC specified");
      }
      this.properties.put("mac", mac);
      this.properties.put("maclen", String.valueOf(maclen));
      setMasked(false);
   }

   private PasswordAuthenticatedEntry() {
      super(TYPE);
      setMasked(true);
   }

   // Class methods
   // -------------------------------------------------------------------------

   public static
   PasswordAuthenticatedEntry decode(DataInputStream in, char[] password)
   throws IOException {
      PasswordAuthenticatedEntry entry = new PasswordAuthenticatedEntry();
      entry.properties.decode(in);
      IMac mac = entry.getMac(password);
      int len = in.readInt() - mac.macSize();
      MeteredInputStream min = new MeteredInputStream(in, len);
      MacInputStream macin = new MacInputStream(min, mac);
      DataInputStream in2 = new DataInputStream(macin);
      entry.setMasked(false);
      entry.decodeEnvelope(in2);
      byte[] macValue = new byte[mac.macSize()];
      in.readFully(macValue);
      if (!Arrays.equals(macValue, mac.digest())) {
         throw new MalformedKeyringException("MAC verification failed");
      }
      return entry;
   }

   public static PasswordAuthenticatedEntry decode(DataInputStream in)
   throws IOException {
      PasswordAuthenticatedEntry entry = new PasswordAuthenticatedEntry();
      entry.defaultDecode(in);
      if (!entry.properties.containsKey("mac")) {
         throw new MalformedKeyringException("no MAC");
      }
      if (!entry.properties.containsKey("maclen")) {
         throw new MalformedKeyringException("no MAC length");
      }
      if (!entry.properties.containsKey("salt")) {
         throw new MalformedKeyringException("no salt");
      }
      return entry;
   }
   // Instance methods
   // -------------------------------------------------------------------------

   public void verify(char[] password) {
      if (!isMasked() || payload == null) {
         return;
      }
      IMac m = null;
      try {
         m = getMac(password);
      } catch (Exception x) {
         throw new IllegalArgumentException(x.toString());
      }

      m.update(payload, 0, payload.length - m.macSize());
      byte[] macValue = new byte[m.macSize()];
      System.arraycopy(payload, payload.length - macValue.length, macValue, 0, macValue.length);
      if (!Arrays.equals(macValue, m.digest())) {
         throw new IllegalArgumentException("MAC verification failed");
      }
      try {
         DataInputStream in =
               new DataInputStream(new ByteArrayInputStream(payload, 0, payload.length - m.macSize()));
         decodeEnvelope(in);
      } catch (IOException ioe) {
         throw new IllegalArgumentException("malformed keyring fragment");
      }
      setMasked(false);
      payload = null;
   }

   public void authenticate(char[] password) throws IOException {
      if (isMasked()) {
         throw new IllegalStateException("entry is masked");
      }
      byte[] salt = new byte[8];
      PRNG.nextBytes(salt, 0, salt.length);
      properties.put("salt", Util.toString(salt));
      IMac m = getMac(password);
      ByteArrayOutputStream bout = new ByteArrayOutputStream(1024);
      MacOutputStream macout = new MacOutputStream(bout, m);
      DataOutputStream out2 = new DataOutputStream(macout);
      for (Iterator it = entries.iterator(); it.hasNext(); ) {
         Entry entry = (Entry) it.next();
         entry.encode(out2);
      }
      bout.write(m.digest());
      payload = bout.toByteArray();
   }

   public void encode(DataOutputStream out, char[] password) throws IOException {
      authenticate(password);
      encode(out);
   }

   protected void encodePayload(DataOutputStream out) throws IOException {
      if (payload == null) {
         throw new IllegalStateException("mac not computed");
      }
   }

   // Own methods.
   // ------------------------------------------------------------------------

   private IMac getMac(char[] password) throws MalformedKeyringException {
      if (!properties.containsKey("salt")) {
         throw new MalformedKeyringException("no salt");
      }
      byte[] salt = Util.toBytesFromString(properties.get("salt"));
      IMac mac = MacFactory.getInstance(properties.get("mac"));
      if (mac == null) {
         throw new MalformedKeyringException("no such mac: " + properties.get("mac"));
      }
      int keylen = mac.macSize();
      int maclen = 0;
      if (!properties.containsKey("maclen")) {
         throw new MalformedKeyringException("no MAC length");
      }
      try {
         maclen = Integer.parseInt(properties.get("maclen"));
      } catch (NumberFormatException nfe) {
         throw new MalformedKeyringException("bad MAC length");
      }

      HashMap pbAttr = new HashMap();
      pbAttr.put(IPBE.PASSWORD, password);
      pbAttr.put(IPBE.SALT, salt);
      pbAttr.put(IPBE.ITERATION_COUNT, ITERATION_COUNT);
      IRandom kdf = PRNGFactory.getInstance("PBKDF2-HMAC-SHA");
      kdf.init(pbAttr);

      byte[] dk = new byte[keylen];
      try {
         kdf.nextBytes(dk, 0, keylen);
      } catch (LimitReachedException shouldNotHappen) {
         throw new Error(shouldNotHappen.toString());
      }

      HashMap macAttr = new HashMap();
      macAttr.put(IMac.MAC_KEY_MATERIAL, dk);
      macAttr.put(IMac.TRUNCATED_SIZE, new Integer(maclen));
      try {
         mac.init(macAttr);
      } catch (InvalidKeyException shouldNotHappen) {
         throw new Error(shouldNotHappen.toString());
      }
      return mac;
   }
}

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