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Password.java

/* Password.java -- opaque wrapper around a password.
   Copyright (C) 2004 Free Software Foundation, Inc.

This file is part of GNU Crypto.

GNU Crypto is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
any later version.

GNU Crypto is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
General Public License for more details.

You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to the

   Free Software Foundation Inc.,
   51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor,
   Boston, MA 02110-1301
   USA

Linking this library statically or dynamically with other modules is
making a combined work based on this library.  Thus, the terms and
conditions of the GNU General Public License cover the whole
combination.

As a special exception, the copyright holders of this library give
you permission to link this library with independent modules to
produce an executable, regardless of the license terms of these
independent modules, and to copy and distribute the resulting
executable under terms of your choice, provided that you also meet,
for each linked independent module, the terms and conditions of the
license of that module.  An independent module is a module which is
not derived from or based on this library.  If you modify this
library, you may extend this exception to your version of the
library, but you are not obligated to do so.  If you do not wish to
do so, delete this exception statement from your version.  */


package gnu.crypto.auth;

import gnu.crypto.util.ExpirableObject;

import javax.security.auth.DestroyFailedException;

/**
 * Immutible, though destroyable, password class.
 *
 * <p>Extends {@link ExpirableObject}, implementing {@link doDestroy()}
 * in which encapsulated {@link char[]}, and {@link byte[]} password fields
 * are cleared (elements set to zero) in order to thwart memory heap
 * snooping.
 */
00056 public final class Password extends ExpirableObject
{

  // Constants and variables
  // -------------------------------------------------------------------------

  /**
   * Password stored in {@link char[]} format.
   */
00065   private final char[] password;

  /**
   * Password stored in {@link byte[]} format.
   */
00070   private final byte[] bPassword;

  /**
   * Indicates whether this Password object's {@link doDestroy()} method has
   * been called.  See also, {@link ExpirableObject#Destroy()}.
   */
00076   private boolean mIsDestroyed = false;

  // Constructor(s)
  // -------------------------------------------------------------------------

  /**
   * Create a new expirable Password object that will expire after the
   * default timeout {@link ExpirableObject#DEFAULT_TIMEOUT}.
   *
   * @param password The character array password to associate with this
   * Password object.
   */
00088   public Password (char[] password)
  {
    this (password, 0, password.length, DEFAULT_TIMEOUT);
  }

  /**
   * Create a new expirable Password object that will expire after the
   * timeout denoted by constructor parameter, <i>delay</i>.
   *
   * @param password The character array password to associate with this
   * Password object.
   * @param delay The number of miliseconds before this Password object
   * will be automatically destroyed.
   */
00102   public Password (char[] password, long delay)
  {
    this (password, 0, password.length, delay);
  }

  /**
   * Create a new expirable Password object that will expire after the
   * default timeout {@link ExpirableObject#DEFAULT_TIMEOUT}.
   *
   * @param password The character array password to associate with this
   * Password object.
   * @param offset The <i>password</i> character array parameter element
   * marking the beginning of the contained password string.
   * @param length The number of characters, beginning at <i>offset</i>,
   * to be copied into this object's {@link password} field.
   */
00118   public Password (char[] password, int offset, int length)
  {
    this (password, offset, length, DEFAULT_TIMEOUT);
  }

  /**
   * Create a new expirable Password object that will expire after the
   * timeout denoted by constructor parameter, <i>delay</i>.
   *
   * @param password The character array password to associate with this
   * Password object.
   * @param offset The <i>password</i> character array parameter element
   * marking the beginning of the contained password string.
   * @param length The number of characters, beginning at <i>offset</i>,
   * to be copied into this object's {@link password} field.
   * @param delay The number of miliseconds before this Password object
   * will be automatically destroyed.
   */
00136   public Password (char[] password, int offset, int length, long delay)
  {
    super (delay);

    if (offset < 0 || length < 0 || offset + length > password.length)
      throw new ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException ("off=" + offset + " length=" +
                                                length + " array.length=" +
                                                password.length);

    int i, j;
    this.password = new char[length];
    bPassword = new byte[length];

    for(i = 0, j = offset; i < length; i++, j++)
      {
        this.password[i] = (char) password[j];
        // XXX this should use character encodings, other than ASCII.
        bPassword[i] = (byte) (password[j] & 0x7F);
      }
  }

  /**
   * Create a new expirable Password object that will expire after the
   * default timeout {@link ExpirableObject#DEFAULT_TIMEOUT}.
   *
   * @param password The byte array password to associate with this
   * Password object.
   */
00164   public Password (byte[] password)
  {
    this (password, 0, password.length, DEFAULT_TIMEOUT);
  }

  /**
   * Create a new expirable Password object that will expire after the
   * timeout denoted by constructor parameter, <i>delay</i>.
   *
   * @param password The byte array password to associate with this
   * Password object.
   * @param delay The number of miliseconds before this Password object
   * will be automatically destroyed.
   */
00178   public Password (byte[] password, long delay)
  {
    this (password, 0, password.length, delay);
  }

  /**
   * Create a new expirable Password object that will expire after the
   * default timeout {@link ExpirableObject#DEFAULT_TIMEOUT}.
   *
   * @param password The byte array password to associate with this
   * Password object.
   * @param offset The <i>password</i> byte array parameter element
   * marking the beginning of the contained password string.
   * @param length The number of bytes, beginning at <i>offset</i>,
   * to be copied into this object's {@link password} field.
   */
00194   public Password (byte[] password, int offset, int length)
  {
    this (password, offset, length, DEFAULT_TIMEOUT);
  }

  /**
   * Create a new expirable Password object that will expire after the
   * timeout denoted by constructor parameter, <i>delay</i>.
   *
   * @param password The byte array password to associate with this
   * Password object.
   * @param offset The <i>password</i> byte array parameter element
   * marking the beginning of the contained password string.
   * @param length The number of bytes, beginning at <i>offset</i>,
   * to be copied into this object's {@link bPassword} field.
   * @param delay The number of miliseconds before this Password object
   * will be automatically destroyed.
   */
00212   public Password (byte[] password, int offset, int length, long delay)
  {
    super (delay);

    if (offset < 0 || length < 0 || offset + length > password.length)
      throw new ArrayIndexOutOfBoundsException ("off=" + offset + " length=" +
                                                length + " array.length=" +
                                                password.length);

    int i, j;
    this.password = new char[length];
    bPassword = new byte[length];

    for (i = 0, j = offset; i < length; i++, j++)
      {
        this.password[i] = (char) password[j];
        bPassword[i] = password[j];
      }
  }

  // Instance methods
  // -------------------------------------------------------------------------

  /**
   * Returns a reference to the {@link char[]} password storage field,
   * {@link password}.
   */
00239   public synchronized char[] getPassword()
  {
    if (mIsDestroyed)
      throw new IllegalStateException ("Attempted destroyed password access.");

    return password;
  }

  /**
   * Returns a reference to the {@link byte[]} password storage field,
   * {@link bPassword}.
   */
00251   public synchronized byte[] getBytes()
  {
    if (mIsDestroyed)
      throw new IllegalStateException ("Attempted destroyed password access.");

    return bPassword;
  }

  /**
   * Sets password field char[], and byte[] array elements to zero.
   * This method implements base class {@link ExpirableObject} abstract
   * method, {@link ExpirableObject#doDestroy()}.  See also,
   * {@link ExpirableObject#destroy()}.
   */
00265   protected synchronized void doDestroy()
  {
    if (isDestroyed())
      return;
    else
      {
        for (int i = 0; i < password.length; i++)
          password[i] = 0;
        for (int i = 0; i < bPassword.length; i++)
          bPassword[i] = 0;
        mIsDestroyed = true;
      }
  }

  /**
   * Returns true, or false relative to whether, or not this object's
   * {@link doDestroy()} method has been called.  See also,
   * {@ExpirableObject#destroy()}.
   */
00284   public synchronized boolean isDestroyed()
  {
    return (mIsDestroyed);
  }
}

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