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TripleDES.java

package gnu.crypto.cipher;

// ----------------------------------------------------------------------------
// $Id: TripleDES.java,v 1.2 2005/10/06 04:24:14 rsdio Exp $
//
// Copyright (C) 2002, Free Software Foundation, Inc.
//
// This file is part of GNU Crypto.
//
// GNU Crypto is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
// it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
// the Free Software Foundation; either version 2, or (at your option)
// any later version.
//
// GNU Crypto is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but
// WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
// MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
// General Public License for more details.
//
// You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
// along with this program; see the file COPYING.  If not, write to the
//
//    Free Software Foundation Inc.,
//    51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor,
//    Boston, MA 02110-1301
//    USA
//
// Linking this library statically or dynamically with other modules is
// making a combined work based on this library.  Thus, the terms and
// conditions of the GNU General Public License cover the whole
// combination.
//
// As a special exception, the copyright holders of this library give
// you permission to link this library with independent modules to
// produce an executable, regardless of the license terms of these
// independent modules, and to copy and distribute the resulting
// executable under terms of your choice, provided that you also meet,
// for each linked independent module, the terms and conditions of the
// license of that module.  An independent module is a module which is
// not derived from or based on this library.  If you modify this
// library, you may extend this exception to your version of the
// library, but you are not obligated to do so.  If you do not wish to
// do so, delete this exception statement from your version.
// 
// --------------------------------------------------------------------------

import gnu.crypto.Registry;

import java.util.Collections;
import java.util.Iterator;
import java.security.InvalidKeyException;

/**
 * Triple-DES, 3DES, or DESede is a <i>combined cipher</i> that uses
 * three iterations of the Data Encryption Standard cipher to improve
 * the security (at the cost of speed) of plain DES.
 *
 * <p>Triple-DES runs the DES algorithm three times with three
 * independent 56 bit keys. To encrypt:</p>
 *
 * <blockquote><i>C<sub>i</sub> =
 * E<sub>k3</sub> ( E<sub>k2</sub><sup>-1</sup> ( E<sub>k1</sub> ( P<sub>i</sub> )))</i></blockquote>
 *
 * <p>And to decrypt:</p>
 *
 * <blockquote><i>P<sub>i</sub> =
 * E<sub>k1</sub><sup>-1</sup> ( E<sub>k2</sub> ( E<sub>k3</sub><sup>-1</sup> ( C<sub>i</sub> )))</i></blockquote>
 *
 * <p>(The "ede" comes from the encryption operation, which runs
 * Encrypt-Decrypt-Encrypt)</p>
 *
 * <p>References:</p>
 * <ol>
 * <li>Bruce Schneier, <i>Applied Cryptography: Protocols, Algorithms,
 * and Source Code in C, Second Edition</i>. (1996 John Wiley and Sons)
 * ISBN 0-471-11709-9. Page 294--295.</li>
 * </ol>
 *
 * @version $Revision: 1.2 $
 */
00081 public class TripleDES extends BaseCipher {

   // Constants and variables.
   // -----------------------------------------------------------------------

   /** Triple-DES only operates on 64 bit blocks. */
00087    public static final int BLOCK_SIZE = 8;

   /** Triple-DES uses 168 bits of a parity-adjusted 192 bit key. */
00090    public static final int KEY_SIZE = 24;

   /** The underlying DES instance. */
00093    private DES des;

   // Constructors.
   // -----------------------------------------------------------------------

   /**
    * Default 0-arguments constructor.
    */
00101    public TripleDES() {
      super(Registry.TRIPLEDES_CIPHER, BLOCK_SIZE, KEY_SIZE);
      des = new DES();
   }

   // Class methods.
   // -----------------------------------------------------------------------

   /**
    * Transform a key so it will be parity adjusted.
    *
    * @param kb     The key bytes to adjust.
    * @param offset The starting offset into the key bytes.
    * @see DES#adjustParity(byte[],int)
    */
00116    public static void adjustParity(byte[] kb, int offset) {
      DES.adjustParity(kb, offset);
      DES.adjustParity(kb, offset +  8);
      DES.adjustParity(kb, offset + 16);
   }

   /**
    * Tests if a byte array has already been parity adjusted.
    *
    * @param kb     The key bytes to test.
    * @param offset The starting offset into the key bytes.
    * @return <code>true</code> if the bytes in <i>kb</i> starting at
    *         <i>offset</i> are parity adjusted.
    * @see DES#isParityAdjusted(byte[],int)
    * @see #adjustParity(byte[],int)
    */
00132    public static boolean isParityAdjusted(byte[] kb, int offset) {
      return DES.isParityAdjusted(kb, offset)
          && DES.isParityAdjusted(kb, offset +  8)
          && DES.isParityAdjusted(kb, offset + 16);
   }

   // Methods implementing BaseCipher.
   // -----------------------------------------------------------------------

00141    public Object clone() {
      return new TripleDES();
   }

00145    public Iterator blockSizes() {
      return Collections.singleton(new Integer(BLOCK_SIZE)).iterator();
   }

00149    public Iterator keySizes() {
      return Collections.singleton(new Integer(KEY_SIZE)).iterator();
   }

00153    public Object makeKey(byte[] kb, int bs) throws InvalidKeyException {
      if (kb.length != KEY_SIZE)
         throw new InvalidKeyException("TripleDES key must be 24 bytes");

      if (!isParityAdjusted(kb, 0))
         adjustParity(kb, 0);

      byte[] k1 = new byte[DES.KEY_SIZE], k2 = new byte[DES.KEY_SIZE],
             k3 = new byte[DES.KEY_SIZE];
      System.arraycopy(kb, 0, k1, 0, DES.KEY_SIZE);
      System.arraycopy(kb, DES.KEY_SIZE, k2, 0, DES.KEY_SIZE);
      System.arraycopy(kb, 2*DES.KEY_SIZE, k3, 0, DES.KEY_SIZE);
      Context ctx = new Context();
      
      ctx.k1 = (DES.Context) des.makeKey(k1, bs);
      ctx.k2 = (DES.Context) des.makeKey(k2, bs);
      ctx.k3 = (DES.Context) des.makeKey(k3, bs);

      return ctx;
   }

   public void
00175    encrypt(byte[] in, int i, byte[] out, int o, Object K, int bs)
   {
      byte[] temp = new byte[BLOCK_SIZE];
      des.encrypt(  in, i, temp, 0, ((Context) K).k1, bs);
      des.decrypt(temp, 0, temp, 0, ((Context) K).k2, bs);
      des.encrypt(temp, 0,  out, o, ((Context) K).k3, bs);
   }

   public void
00184    decrypt(byte[] in, int i, byte[] out, int o, Object K, int bs)
   {
      byte[] temp = new byte[BLOCK_SIZE];
      des.decrypt(  in, i, temp, 0, ((Context) K).k3, bs);
      des.encrypt(temp, 0, temp, 0, ((Context) K).k2, bs);
      des.decrypt(temp, 0,  out, o, ((Context) K).k1, bs);
   }

   // Inner classes.
   // -----------------------------------------------------------------------

   private final class Context {
      DES.Context k1, k2, k3;
   }
}

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